DEED FOR THE PIOUS TRANSIT
OF HIS HOLINESS BENEDICT XVI, POPE EMERITUS
OBITUS, DEPOSITIO ET TUMULATIO
BENEDICTI PP XVI SANCTAE MEMORIAE
In the light of Christ risen from the dead, on 31 December in the year of our Lord 2022, at 9.34 a.m., as the year came to an end and we were ready to sing the Te Deum for the many benefits granted by the Lord, the beloved Pastor Emeritus of the Church, Benedict XVI, passed from this world to the Father. The entire Church together with the Holy Father Francis in prayer accompanied his transit.
Benedict XVI was the 265th Pope. His memory endures in the heart of the Church and of all humanity.
Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger, who was elected Pope on 19 April 2005, was born on 16 April 1927 in Marktl am Inn, in the Diocese of Passau (Germany). His father was a gendarmerie commissioner and came from a farming family in Lower Bavaria, of modest economic resources. His mother was the daughter of artisans from Rimsting on the shore of Lake Chiem, and before marrying she worked as a cook in a number of hotels.
He spent his childhood and adolescence in Traunstein, a small village near the Austrian border, about thirty kilometres from Salzburg, where he received his Christian, human and cultural education.
The period of his youth was not easy. His family’s faith and his upbringing prepared him for the harsh experience of the problems associated with the Nazi regime, aware of the climate of strong hostility towards the Catholic Church in Germany. In this complex situation, he discovered the beauty and truth of faith in Christ.
From 1946 to 1951 he studied at Higher School of Philosophy and Theology of Freising and at the University of Munich. On 29 June 1951 he was ordained a priest, and the following year began teaching at the same Higher School of Freising. He was subsequently a lecturer in Bonn, Münster, Tübingen and Regensburg.
In 1962 he became an official expert of Vatican Council II, as an assistant to Cardinal Joseph Frings. On 25 March 1977 Pope Paul VI appointed him Archbishop of München und Freising, and he received episcopal ordination on 28 May of the same year. He chose as his episcopal motto: “Cooperatores Veritatis”.
He was created a Cardinal by Pope Montini, with the Title of Santa Maria Consolatrice al Tiburtino, in the Consistory of 27 June 1977.
On 25 November 1981, John Paul II appointed him Prefect of the Conregation for the Doctrine of the Faith; and on 15 February of the following year he resigned from the pastoral governance of the Archdiocese of München und Freising.
On 6 November 1998 he was appointed Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals and on 30 November 2002 he become Dean, taking possession of the Title of the Suburbicarian Church of Ostia.
On Friday 8 April 2005 he presided over the Funeral Mass of Pope John Paul II in Saint Peter’s Square.
He was elected Pope by the Cardinals gathered in the Conclave on 19 April 2005, and took the name of Benedict XVI. He presented himself from the Loggia of Blessings as a “humble worker in the vineyard of the Lord”. On Sunday 24 April 2005 he solemnly began his Petrine ministry.
Benedict XVI placed the theme of God and faith at the centre of his pontificate, in a continuous search for the face of the Lord Jesus Christ and helping everyone to know Him, in particular through the publication of the three-volume work Jesus of Nazareth. Endowed with vast and profound biblical and theological knowledge, he had the extraordinary ability to formulate illuminating syntheses on the principal doctrinal and spiritual themes, as well as on crucial issues in the life of the Church and contemporary culture.
He successfully promoted dialogue with the Anglicans, with the Jews and with the representatives of other religions; he also resumed contact with the priests of the Society of Saint Pius X.
On the morning of 11 February 2013, during a Consistory convoked for ordinary decisions regarding three canonizations, after the vote of the Cardinals, the Pope read the following declaration in Latin: «Bene conscius sum hoc munus secundum suam essentiam spiritualem non solum agendo et loquendo exerceri debere, sed non minus patiendo et orando. Attamen in mundo nostri temporis rapidis mutationibus subiecto et quaestionibus magni ponderis pro vita fidei perturbato ad navem Sancti Petri gubernandam et ad annuntiandum Evangelium etiam vigor quidam corporis et animae necessarius est, qui ultimis mensibus in me modo tali minuitur, ut incapacitatem meam ad ministerium mihi commissum bene administrandum agnoscere debeam. Quapropter bene conscius ponderis huius actus plena libertate declaro me ministerio Episcopi Romae, Successoris Sancti Petri, mihi per manus Cardinalium die 19 aprilis MMV commisso renuntiare ita ut a die 28 februarii MMXIII, hora 20, sedes Romae, sedes Sancti Petri vacet et Conclave ad eligendum novum Summum Pontificem ab his quibus competit convocandum esse».
In the final General Audience of his pontificate, on 27 February 2013, in thanking each and every person for the respect and understanding with which his decision had been accepted, he assured: “I will continue to accompany the Church’s journey with prayer and reflection, with that devotion to the Lord and his Bride which I have hitherto sought to practice daily and which I would like to practice always”.
After a brief stay in the residence in Castel Gandolfo, he lived the last years of his life in the Vatican, in the Mater Ecclesiae Monastery, devoting himself to prayer and meditation.
Benedict XVI’s doctrinal magisterium is summarized in the three Encyclicals Deus caritas est (25 December 2005), Spe salvi (30 November 2007) and Caritas in veritate (29 June 2009). He offered to the Church four Apostolic Exhortations, numerous Apostolic Constitutions and Apostolic Letters, as well as the Catecheses offered at the General Audiences and the allocutions, including those delivered during his twenty-four apostolic journeys around the world.
Faced with increasingly pervasive relativism and practical atheism, in 2010, with the motu proprio Ubicumque et semper, he established the Pontifical Council for Promoting New Evangelization, to which he transferred competence in matters of catechesis in January 2013.
He resolutely fought against crimes committed by clergy against minors or vulnerable people, constantly calling the Church to conversion, prayer, penance and purification.
As a theologian of renowned authority, he left a rich heritage of studies and research on the fundamental truths of the faith.
BENEDICTI XVI P.M.
VIXIT A. XCV M. VIII D. XV
ECCLESIÆ UNIVERSÆ PRÆFUIT A. VII M. X D. IX
A D. XIX M. APR. A. MMV AD D. XXVIII M. FEB. A. MMXIII
DECESSIT DIE XXXI M. DECEMBRIS ANNO DOMINI MMXXII
Semper in Christo vivas, Pater Sancte!
Celebrationum tumulationisque testes fuerunt