Cardinal John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan, Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Abuja, Nigeria, was born on 29 January 1944 in Kabba, Nigeria. In 1963 he entered Sts. Peter and Paul Major Seminary in Bodija.
Two years later he went to Rome to complete his formation at the Pontifical Urban College of Propaganda Fide and that same year, 1969, he was ordained a priest on 3 August. He taught at St. Kizito’s College, Isanlu, and was Rector of St. Clement Junior Seminary, Lokoja.
He earned a licence in Sacred Scripture at the Pontifical Biblical Institute and a doctorate in biblical theology at the Pontifical Urban University. In 1977 he became Vice-Rector and, in 1979, Rector of Sts. Peter and Paul Major Seminary.
In 1980 he was appointed a member for five years of the International Theological Commission and also of the International Commission for Catholic-Methodist Dialogue. On 10 September 1982 John Paul II appointed him titular Bishop of Thunusuda and Auxiliary of the diocese of Llorina. He received episcopal ordination on 6 January 1983. He thus became the youngest bishop in Nigeria. On 20 October 1984 he was named Bishop of Ilorin, and, six years later on 7 July 1990, Coadjutor Bishop of Abuja, to which he succeeded as Bishop on 28 September 1992.
From 1992 to 2006 he served as a member of the inter-denominational Faith and Order Commission. On 26 March 1994, when the Pope established Abuja as a Metropolitan See, he became its first Archbishop. That same year he was elected Vice-President of the Bishops Conference of Nigeria, of which he was President from 1999 to 2006.
He welcomed John Paul II on his Apostolic Visit to Nigeria in 1998 and played a major role among the African bishops and in organizations for interreligious and ecumenical dialogue. He was President of the Association of the Episcopal Conferences of Anglophone West Africa and from 2004 to 2007, served as President of the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar. A member of the Nigeria Interreligious Council, he served as Co-President of the African Council of Religious Leaders and President of the Christian Association of Nigeria of which he had been Vice-President from 1996 to 2003.
He participated in the Synod on the New Evangelization (October 2012). He is well-known for his tireless work for peace in Nigeria. He has received decorations at home and abroad including the Pax Christi International Prize on 31 October 2012 in Brussels. He was also a candidate for the Nobel Prize, together with a Muslim exponent of Nigeria, with whom he promoted a series of initiatives against fundamentalism.
He participated in the conclave of March 2013, which elected Pope Francis.
He was Archbishop of Abuja until november 2019.
Created and proclaimed cardinal by Benedict XVI in the consistory of 24 November 2012, of the Title of San Saturnino (St. Satumus).
- Congregations: for the Doctrine of the Faith; for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments.