Cardinal Jean-Marc Aveline, Metropolitan Archbishop of Marseille (France), was born on 26 December 1958 in Sidi Bel Abbès, diocese of Oran, Algeria. After his secondary studies at the Lycée Thiers in Marseille, in 1977 he entered the Interdiocesan Seminary of Avignon where he attended the first cycle of theology, and then the Séminaire des Carmes in Paris, pursuing his theological studies at the Institut Catholique, where he was awarded a doctorate in theology in 2000. He also holds a licentiate in philosophy from the Université Paris I et Paris IV Sorbonne.
He was ordained a priest on 3 November 1984 for the archdiocese of Marseille.
Since ordination, he has held the following ministerial posts: professor of theology and director of studies at the Inter-Diocesan Seminary in Marseille and member of the pastoral team of the Saint-Marcel parish in Marseille (1986-1991); episcopal vicar for ongoing formation and member of the pastoral team of the Saint-Pierre - Saint-Paul parish in Marseille (1987-2007); head of the Service diocésain des vocations and diocesan delegate for seminarians (1991-1996); founder and director of the Institut de sciences et de théologie des religions in Marseille (ISTR) (1992-2002);. director of the Institut Saint-Jean, which in 1998 became the Institut Catholique de la Méditerranée, associated with the Faculty of Theology of Lyon (1995-2013); and lecturer at the Faculty of Theology of the Université Catholique de Lyon (1997-2007). Since 2007 he has also been vicar general of Marseille.
In addition, from 2008 to 2012 he was a consultor at the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue.
On 19 December 2013, he was elected to the titular see of Simidicca and appointed auxiliary bishop of Marseille. He received episcopal ordination on 26 January 2014.
On 8 August 2019, the Holy Father Francis appointed him metropolitan archbishop of Marseille, France.
Created and proclaimed Cardinal by Pope Francis in the consistory of 27 August 2022, of the Title of S. Maria ai Monti
- Dicasteries for Bishops; for Interreligious Dialogue.