Cardinal Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I., Archbishop emeritus of Saõ Sebastião do Rio de Janiero, Ordinary emeritus for Eastern-Rite faithful resident in Brazil, was born in Bom Retiro, Joaçaba, Brazil, on 8 December 1932.
He studied at the Dehonian Fathers’ Seminary and was ordained a priest in Rome on 3 July 1960. He holds a specialization and a doctorate in Christology.
Back in his homeland he taught dogmatic theology and liturgy until his appointment as Bishop of São José dos Campos on 11 February 1981; he was ordained on 1 May.
He was appointed Archbishop of Florianópolis on 23 January 1991.
On 25 July 2001, he became Archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, and that same year he was named Ordinary for Eastern-Rite faithful resident in Brazil. He also served as President of South Region IV of the Brazilian Bishops’ Conference.
Archbishop emeritus of Saõ Sebastião do Rio de Janiero, 27 February 2009.
Ordinary emeritus for Eastern-Rite faithful resident in Brazil, 28 July 2010.
He participated in the conclave of April 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI.
Created and proclaimed Cardinal by St. John Paul II in the consistory of 21 October 2003, of theTitle of Ss. Bonifacio e Alessio (Sts. Boniface and Alexius).